Current GK update on National and International news for 2012. It will help you in all competitive exams. Download free GK updates from GJ Tutorial.
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1. President replaces ‘His Excellency’ with ‘Honourable’: President Pranab Mukherjee would henceforth be addressed as ‘Honourable’, not the grandiloquent ‘His Excellency’, according to the new protocol approved by him on October 10, 2012. Mukherjee, who has earlier stated as president of the country, he would like to be an “upholder of the Constitution”, has done away with colonial era titles for the posts of president and governors. In Hindi, the words ‘Rashtrapati Mahoday’ would replace the ‘Mahamahim’ address. The president’s secretariat would also use the new protocol in all its official dealings. Earlier in October 2012, Mukherjee, who was scheduled to address the convocation ceremony at LalitNarayanMithilaUniversity in Darbhanga, Bihar, urged the organisers to replace ‘His Excellency’ in the invitation card with the traditional Indian ‘Shri’.
2. DLF denies giving unsecured loans to Robert Vadra: Realty major DLF on October 6, 2012 rejected the allegations that it had given unsecured loans to Sonia Gandhi’s son-in-law Robert Vadra in a ‘quid pro quo’ for favours and said it had transparent dealings with him as an individual entrepreneur. In a statement, the company said it had given him Rs. 65 crore as “business advance” of which Rs. 15 crore was fully refunded and Rs. 50 crore was used for purchase of land. Rejecting the allegations of activists Arvind Kejriwal and Prashant Bhushan that the company favoured Vadra, DLF said it neither received any undue benefit from any State government nor was it allotted any land by the Delhi, Haryana and Rajasthan governments. DLF also dismissed the charge that the company sold properties to Vadra and his companies at a throwaway price.
3. Abhijit Mukherjee wins Jangipur LS seat: Abjijit Mukherjee, son of President Pranab Mukherjee and Congress candidate on October 13, 2012 won the Jangipur Lok Sabha by-election in West Bengal by 2,536 votes defeating his nearest CPI-M rival Muzaffar Hussain. Abhijit polled 3,32,919 votes, while the CPI-M candidate bagged 3,30,383 votes. Trinamool Congress did not put up any candidate in the by-poll even after severing ties with Congress. Pranab Mukherjee had won the seat by a huge margin of over 1.28 lakh votes in the 2009 Lok Sabha election. The by-election was held on October 10 as the seat had fallen vacant after Mukherjee was elevated to the highest office of the country.
4. Congress leader Nawal Kishore Sharma passes away: Veteran Congress leader and former Gujarat Governor Nawal Kishore Sharma passed away in Jaipur on October 8, 2012 at th age of 87. Born in Dausa district in 1925, Sharma was a five-time MP and one-time MLA. He served as Union Minister of State twice, first holding Finance portfolio in 1984 and later Petroleum and Natural Gas as an independent charge in 1985-86. He served as Governor of Gujarat from 2004 to 2009.
5. Development Committee Meeting of the World Bank: Union Finance Minister P. Chidambaram represented the constituency consisting of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Sri Lanka at the Development Committee Meeting of the World Bank in Tokyo on October 13, 2012.
6. International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC) meeting: Union Finance Minister P. Chidambaram represented the constituency consisting of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Sri Lanka at the 26th Meeting of the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC) in Tokyo on October 12, 2012.
7. BRICS Finance Ministers’ and Central Bank Governors’ (CVG) meeting: The Union Finance Minister, P. Chidambaram represented India at the BRICS Finance Ministers’ and Central Bank Governors’ (CVG) meeting, in Tokyo, Japan on October 11, 2012.
8. G-24 Ministerial meeting: The Union Finance Minister, P. Chidambaram represented India at the G-24 Ministerial meeting, in Tokyo, Japan on October 11, 2012.
9. International Day of the Girl Child observed: The UN marked the first ‘International Day of the Girl Child’ on October 11, with a focus on ending child marriages and highlighting challenges in countries like India, Bangladesh and Somalia to combat this fundamental human rights violation that impacts a girl’s life. The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution on December 19, 2011 to declare 11 October the International Day of the Girl Child, calling all member countries to recognise the rights of girls.
10. World Sight day observed: October 11, 2012 was observed as the World Sight day. The day is observed on the second Thursday in October.
11. Education activist Yousafzai shot at by Taliban in Pakistan: Malala Yousafzai, the 14-year-old peace activist who became the ‘voice of girls in Swat’ when the Taliban controlled the valley in 2008, was shot at and seriously injured by the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) on October 9, 2012. Her shooting found mention in Parliament with Prime Minister Raja Parvez Ashraf condemning it and announcing arrangements for her treatment. Yousafzai had received death threats from the Taliban for speaking out against terrorism and advocating education for girls. She shot to prominence in 2009 when she began writing a diary in Urdu under the pseudonym ‘Gul Makai’ for the BBC about the travails of living under the Taliban regime. She was only 11 then but her heart-rending accounts caught international attention and she was nominated for the International Children’s Peace Prize by the Amsterdam-based advocacy group KidsRights in 2011.
12. Chavez re-elected Venezuela President: Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, representing the United Socialist Party of Venezuela, has won another six-year term at the helm of the oil-rich South American country. Chavez won more than 54% of the vote to defeat Henrique Capriles Radonski of Justice First party in the election held on October 6, 2012. It was the fourth presidential election victory for Chavez, who has been in office since 1999. Chavez’s vision of 21st century socialism emphasizes the use of state oil windfalls to fund social programs. On the campaign trail, he pointed to accomplishments in housing, education and health initiatives and acknowledged he needs to do more on crime and government bureaucracy. The 58 years old Chavez has been visibly weakened by two surgeries for cancer. On the campaign trail, president Chávez vowed that if re-elected he would use the next six years to correct past mistakes, to continue to build a socialist alternative to the capitalist model, and to continue using the country’s vast oil revenues to redistribute wealth, promote the revolution overseas and to bolster ideological allies such as Cuba and Nicaragua.
13. World Bank cuts India’s FY13 growth forecast to 6%: The World Bank on October 10, 2012 cut India’s economic growth projection to six per cent for the current financial year from the earlier 6.9 per cent estimate, blaming the slowdown on corruption scandals and a host of policy issues, including uncertainty in tax policies. However, the Bank expects that the reform measures announced by India recently will push growth in the second half of the current financial year. Even after this cut, the growth forecast is optimistic compared to those of other agencies, including the International Monetary Fund. The latter on October 9 lowered India’s GDP growth projection to 4.9 per cent in 2012 from the 6.2 per cent pegged earlier.
14. Railways launches Rail Radar: The Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS), the information technology (IT) arm of the Indian Railways, on October 10, 2012 launched Rail Radar, which is primarily aimed at disseminating information about all the running trains at any point of time. Railyatri.in is a start-up that has partnered with the Railways to provide real-time train information. The Railways also aims to enable GPS tracking on the entire network.
15. Australia wins women’s ICC World Twenty20: Australia defeated England in the final to win the ICC World Twenty20 at the R. Premadasa Stadium in Colombo on October 7, 2012. Chasing Australia’s 142 for three, England finished with 138 for nine. England skipper Charlotte Edwards (28) was declared ‘Player-of-the-Tournament’. Australia’s Jess Cameron (45 runs, 34b, 5x4, 1x6) was declared ‘Player-of-the-Match’. The 32-year-old batted five innings in the tournament, scoring 172 runs at an average of 43, while finishing the event as the highest run-score
16. Kumble appointed new ICC Cricket Committee Chairman: Former India captain Anil Kumble was on October 11, 2012 unanimously appointed chairman of ICC’s Cricket Committee by the game’s governing body, replacing former West Indies captain Clive Lloyd. “In Anil Kumble, we have a new chairman who has unquestioned experience not only as a player with India but also as an administrator with Karnataka State Cricket Association as well,” ICC President Alan Isaac said in a statement after the Executive Board meeting in Colombo. Kumble, 41, took 619 wickets in 132 Tests and 337 wickets in 271 ODIs wickets during his illustrious 18-year international career. Also former England captain Andrew Strauss was included in the committee as replacement for Ian Bishop after the West Indian, representing former players, indicated that he was not seeking an extension to his term. The ICC Board also agreed to extend the terms of both Mark Taylor (representing former players) and David Kendix (statisticians) for a further term. The ICC had introduced a Targeted Assistance and Performance Programme (TAPP) fund of USD 12 million in January 2012 to help develop more competitive teams at the highest level by targeting the lower ranked Full Members and higher ranked Associate/Affiliate Members for assistance. The ICC has agreed to award Netherlands USD 1.5m, Zimbabwe USD 1.5m and USD 3m to the West Indies - all over three years.