University Grants Commission UGC holds the National Eligibility Test (NET) for determining the eligibility of Indian nationals for the Award of Junior Research Fellowships (JRF) and eligibility for Lectureship in Indian universities and colleges. Thousand of candidates appear for the test conducted twice a year. Today we are posting the details of the pattern of the UGC NET Exam.
(i) The UGC NET Test consists of three papers. They are divided into two separate sessions. The breakup of the papers is as follows:

Session Paper Marks Duration
First I 100 1¼ Hours
First II 100 1¼ Hours
Second III 200 2½ Hours


This paper is of general nature, intended to assess the teaching/research aptitude of the candidate. It is designed to test reasoning ability, comprehension, divergent thinking and general awareness of the candidate. It will primarily be designed to test reasoning ability, comprehension, divergent thinking and general awareness of the candidate.

Changes in December 2009: Internal Choice

UGC has decided to provide choice to the candidates from the December 2009 UGC NET onwards. Sixty (60) multiple choice questions of two marks each will be given, out of which the candidate would be required to answer any fifty (50). In the event of the candidate attempting more than fifty questions, the first fifty questions attempted by the candidate would be evaluated


It shall consist of fifty (50) short questions based on the subject selected by the candidate. All questions are compulsory and carry 2 marks.


This part consists of only descriptive questions from the subject selected by the candidate. The candidate will be required to attempt questions in the space provided in the Test Booklet.


Section 1: Essay Writing (2 Questions, 40 Marks)

Two questions with internal choice on general theme and contemporary, theoretical or of disciplinary relevance may be given. The candidate is expected to write up to 500 words for each question of 20 marks.

In case the questions are based on electives, the choices will be general nature, common to all candidates. In case of science subjects like Computer Science and Applications, Environmental Sciences, Electronic Science etc., two questions carrying 20 marks each may be given in place of essay type questions.

Section 2: Extended Answer Questions (3 Questions, 45 Marks)

Three extended answer based questions to test the analytical ability of the candidate on major specialization / electives. Candidates may choose one specialization. There will be no internal choice. Each answer should be of 300 words and will carry 15 marks each.

Section 3: Definitional Questions (9 Questions, 90 Marks)

Questions will seek particular information to be answered in 50 words each. There will be no internal choice. Science subjects may have short computational questions.

Section 4: Definitional Questions (5 Questions, 25 Marks)

Questions will have 200-300 words of text taken from the works of thinker/author. Five specific questions will asked based on the text. Answers should be around 30 words each. Questions will test critical thinking, ability to comprehend and apply the knowledge once possesses.

Note: Paper-III is evaluated only for those candidates who are able to secure the minimum qualifying marks in Paper-I and Paper-II, as per the table given in the following:

Award of Lectureship:

Category Minimum Qualifying Marks
GENERAL/OBC 40 40 100 (50 %)
PH/VH 35 35 90 (45 %)
SC/ST 35 35 80 (40 %)

Award of JRF:

Category Minimum Qualifying Marks
GENERAL/OBC 40 40 100 (50 %) 100 (50 %)
PH/VH 35 35 90 (45 %) 90 (45 %)
SC/ST 35 35 80 (40 %) 80 (40 %)

Negative Marking in UGC NET Paper I and II:

Negative marking at the rate of 25% has been introduced from December 2009 UGC-NET onwards. For each incorrect answer, 0.5 marks shall be deducted.

UGC NET Sample Question Papers:

UGC NET Sample Questions (Paper I)

UGC NET Solved Questions (Paper II-GK)

UGC NET Previous Year Question Papers:

UGC NET Previous Papers

UGC NET Syllabus and Pattern:

UGC NET Syllabus and Pattern

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